“An Excellent son of Saturn”, by Mario Costantino

Napoleon Bonaparte, birth, events, life

“This article has received the Honorable Mention in the first edition of the World Prize of Astrological Investigation  organized by Gracentro Association on April 30th, 2001 in Valencia (Spain).”



Louis David 1798 unfinished portrait of  Napoleon First Consul (detail) – Louvre Museum, Paris



This work stems from a personal need of deepening the subject of lifespan. What explained certainly captures only some of the important aspects of the issue. Therefore, the aim is to provide simply, to anyone who is interested in, a stimulus to research and comparison on one of the key areas of the classical astrological doctrine.

According to the idea of the ancients, the knowledge of the time and place of birth, allows to “speculate” on the main events of the life of the human being. Among these events the consideration and the assumptions on lifespan are undoubtedly necessary reflections to better understand a complex logic by which the original astrological techniques, based on the principles of nature, enabled to provide answers on several topics.

I mean to follow a standard and necessary practice which starts from the observation of original and root causes, from which derive gradually all the others. After having speculated on the possible time of birth, investigated the basic data of this figure, we will observe the primary motions (primary directions), the perfections (or profections) and the solar revolutions of some important years of the life of Napoleon, seeking confirmation of the events, which are assumed in the theme of the Nativity, of which we know the moment of realization.

This version of the article has been possible thanks to an exchange with Giuseppe Bezza whose teaching and great experience have been important for me, and also thanks to Giancarlo Ufficiale and Marco Fumagalli. Lastly, I thank especially Letizia Costantino for everything concerning images, graphics and diagrams accompanying the text.


The gates of birth: birth time rectification

Napoleon was born in Ajaccio (41°55′ North, 8°44′ East) on 15 August 1769. At that time it was in use the local time and the difference from the Greenwich meridian is of 34m 56s. With regard to Napoleon’s birth time there are several indications. The following data are taken from Lois M. Rodden, Andrè Barbault and Paul Choisnard [1]:


13:13 a.m.Rodden (Davison)
11:30 a.m.Rodden (R. Hope – family sources)
11:28 a.m.Rodden (Wynn’s astrol.)
11:00 a.m.Barbault (Councillor T. Nasica)
09:50 a.m.Choisnard
09:45 a.m.Rodden (Fagan – John Worsdale)


In the 24 hours of the day, there are many moments in which, according to “previous causes” regarding the “development of  body and spirit”, the birth of children is possible. According to this philosophical view, the stages of development of the embryo, from conception to birth, must follow a harmonious rhythm, and they must express an assonance that allows the completion of gestation. This is the conception followed by the technique of Ptolemy and of his time. Following this technique, we will search on the day of birth, those moments when you can be born. It is about the “opening of gates” in which planets form relationships of numerical equality by virtue of their motions, the so-called isorhythm (which should be considered according to the time motion), as regards the rising or the culmination. These moments may be few or many, but our choice should affect only those relationships between that planet, which has a clear supremacy at the time of syzygy and above all, by rights, power, efficacy, concord of hairesis in the birth chart. For a wider investigation of the issue about Ptolemaic isorhythm we refer to the article by Joseph Bezza and Marco Fumagalli, Henri Paul, the chauffeur of Diana.

Now we follow the usual procedure, first of all trying to find the rulers of the syzygy that precedes the birth, the new moon of 1st August 1769, at 23:45 U.T.


 latitudesdeclinationshourly distancevisibility
Saturn+0.03+21.321.6912.52 (i.)
Mars+1.05+11.191.5111.44 (i.)
Venus3.98+19.384.3126.39 (v.)
Mercury3.03+18.451.7511.51 (h.r.)


Limiting ourselves to observe the five planets, excluding both luminaries, we note that Venus dominates the border of the degree of the new moon (9°50′ of Leo); Saturn dominates the border of the lower Midheaven (13°21′ of Leo), the angle before the syzygy; finally Jupiter holds the night triplicity of both degrees in Leo. In the natal chart, between 10:05 and 10:20 local time, Jupiter is in the first house, Venus in the ninth house and Saturn in the tenth house. The following table shows the gates that these three planets open between 9:21 (8:46 TU) and 11:37 local time (11:02 TU).


Local TimeU.T.planet that opens the gateangle


At 10:13:47 local time (9:38:51 U.T.) there is an opening of the gates of Jupiter with the Midheaven. We notice that on the horizon of Ajaccio at about 10:10 local time (9:35 TU) the shining star Spica is rising on the ascendant (1st magnitude, Venus-Mercury nature) [2]. The great events, Napoleon’s strong charisma, his qualities of military genius, head of state, administrator, legislator, are well represented by the meanings of this star that we find in the tradition. In the text of the Anonym of the year 379”, on the shiny, passionate, harmful, rescuer stars we find that if Spica is rising, it makes the native well-known, famous and resourceful. If Saturn observes from the upper culmination, with the configuration of Jupiter, the aspects of authority, glory and power will be emphasized. In particular (note 10) “… if one of these stars is ascendant, the newborn child acquires wisdom and political and civil authority, provided that Saturn is not ascendant”. The interpretation is that Saturn does not dominate the temperament, the soul, the character, but only the fate, the result.




1) placing the birth of Napoleon at 9:38:09 U.T., Mars comes to the day of death equidistant with the apheta Saturn.

2) placing the birth at 9:05 U.T., Mars comes to the day of death to the union of Saturn.

Now, assuming that the birth occurred at 10:13:05 (9:38:09 U.T.) when the gate of Jupiter to the Midheaven is already sufficiently opened, we find that an anaretic direction of the apheta is accomplished precisely for the day of death. Also, for this hour of birth, many other directions agree with the events of the life of Napoleon, as we will see later. Therefore we will assume the hours 10:13:05 (9:38:09 U.T.) to draw the figure of the Nativity:


Chart of classical form

 latitudesdeclinationshourly distancevisibility
Saturn+0.05+21.050.0321.94 (v.)
Mars+0.96+07.952.879.35 (i.)
Venus3.12+20.171.0930.38 (v.)
Mercury+0.39+19.160.6215.06 (h.r.)


Chart of modern form

The fixed stars

As we have seen, Spica rises on the horizon, the most shining star of the Virgin constellation, Venus-Mercury nature (zodiac conversion 21° 23′ Libra); the Sun is next to Alphard, Alpha Hydrae, Saturn-Venus nature (zodiac conversion 22° 02′ Leo); Mercury is with Asellus Australis, Delta Cancri, Sun-Mars nature (zodiac conversion 5°30′ Leo); Jupiter is with Zubenelschamali, beta Librae, Jupiter-Venus nature (zodiac conversion 13°26′ Scorpio); Moon goes towards the star Algedi, alpha Capricorni, Venus-Mars nature (zodiac conversion 29°26′ Capricorn); Daimon, the lot of Genius, is with Hamal, alpha Arietis, Saturn-Mars nature (zodiac conversion 7° 44′ Taurus) ; Tyche, the lot of Fortune is with Scheat, the star in the shoulder of Pegasus constellation, Mercury-Mars nature (zodiac conversion 2°18′ Aries). Alpha Andromedae sets, nature Venus (zodiac conversion 21°26′ Aries).


Some observations on the syzygy and nativity

By examining the new moon, we observe that the luminaries are not yet separated from the hinge of the lower Midheaven and apply to the square of Jupiter and the hexagon of Venus. Saturn is in heliacal rise, according to the horoscope configuration. The presence even in the birth chart of the aspects of both the beneficial planets to the luminary of the time, the Sun, located in the tenth House, is one of the indices of elevation and major acquisitions.In addition, Jupiter also form aspects with the Moon and Saturn, which is culminating, in Eastern position, and in heliacal rise, and it form aspects with the Moon with mutual reception: this means the success of the initiatives, and success in general. But because Saturn (northern and culminating in sign), is opposed to the Moon along the meridian, the reached high positions are subjected to reverses, falls from height. It is a “paradoxical” figure (receptio cum duritia) where there is a contradiction, due to the proximity to the meridian in opposition, for which everything is expressed by Saturn (elevation, power, fame and whatever) at one point, for the opposition to the Moon, is contradicted. What is realized (prestige, conquests, wealth) is swept away, is not retained after him.

An examination of the rulers of the significators of the physical body says that Venus, together with Saturn, has dominion and testimony on the moon and on the ascending degree, in addition to the testimony on the lot of Fortune. Ruler of both significators of the soul is again Venus which dominates for triplicity and form aspects with the Moon, by declination proximity; it also dominates for border and form aspects with Mercury, having the same declination.

Here Venus is visible, it forms a hexagon to the Sun, it is located in tropical sign. From all of the figures, Venus is the Almuten orLord of nativity. Saturn is oriental, in heliacal rising, culminating up and in tropical sign. The other Doryphoros planet to the Sun, Mercury, forms aspects with both Venus and Saturn for declination. These planets are in compliance with their faction. Venus and Mercury are morning planets in the day; Saturn is above the horizon, in heliacal rise, culminating up in the figure. These are all conditions of a man who expresses himself with frankness and sincerity, ingenious, with a pure and deep soul, whose actions will be carried out.

Ptolemy wrote some interesting passages on the qualities of the soul (the third book of the Tetrabiblos) referring to the ruling planets of the question: “In general the tropical signs make characters inclined to treat public affairs, desirous of civil offices, and also ambitious, ingenious, diligent, inquisitive, able researchers, skilful to conjecture, diviners and astronomers. “

Continuing with Ptolemy: “Some oriental configurations, [3] close to horoscope, especially those planets who are in their own position [4], make the soul outspoken, stubborn, strong, clever, deep, clear. The matutine stations and culminations make the mood thoughtful, persevering, with an excellent memory, firm, intelligent, which brings to an end his plans, inflexible, strong and severe, critical, hard-working, able for scientific studies [5].” Moreover, Ptolemy says: “When the planets who have the lordship of the inclinations of the soul, according to the way early exposed, are in their places or in familiar places and in their faction, their properties are spontaneous and not prevented, so what they mean will be brought to completion. And, in particular, when the same planets dominate at the same time, that is when they are shaped to the place of Mercury with any figure and hold the flow or application of the moon. If they are not set out in this way and are in alien places, what is proper to their nature will appear more indistinct, dark, flawed and ineffective.”

In relation to this last passage of Ptolemy, Venus, ruler of the qualities of the soul, forms aspects with both Mercury and the Moon by declination proximity.


The military genius, the mode of action

He was a man of great resources, among these there was the extreme intelligence in the art of war. His great merits were to recreate and make extremely efficient the “ramshackle” French army coming out after the years of the revolution, getting maximum results from the various army corps. The masterful use of artillery, in an age where the firepower is still quite rudimentary, as the first element of breakthrough of the enemy front, after which infantry and cavalry intervened promptly, and very effectively. He created the fastest army, always inclined to anticipate contact with the enemy and this was not so easy for the means of transport of the time, He was always able to define the most favourable times and places to engage in battle, even against superior forces. And in various circumstances, he succeeded in reversing in his favour, in a few hours, the outcome of the battle. Excellent strategist and tactician, Napoleon had great skills in assessing the directions of the military campaigns, at least until his best officers will be close to him, the armies to manage will not become too numerous, the forces composing the armies not too heterogeneous, and the aims not too ambitious .

As for the lifetime, we observe that both evil planets witness the Sun, which is here the luminary of the time. Saturn for the heliacal rising, Mars because under the rays. Moreover, the Moon receiving the opposition of Saturn, even though with reception, is a condition that gives short life. These two circumstances already contradict the possibility of a long-lived life. These are all conditions for an incomplete life or anyhow a below average life.

In diurnal geniture, the Sun is the apheta, if it occupies an aphetic place and if there isn’t a planet having rights on the places of life and not being burned, has an increased angularity in the figure. Ptolemy, in the chapter on life times, says:

If both luminaries and the ruler of his own faction were in aphetic places, it should be elected the star that is in the place of greater authority. It will be also necessary to prefer the ruler to both luminaries when it occupies a place of major authority and when it has the right to rule over both factions “ [6] .

In the natal chart, Saturn occupies a place of greater authority than the luminary of the time and it has rights on all three places signifying life: Sun, horoscope, new moon. In comparison with the Sun it is in heliacal rise, and Ptolemy called this right as phase; and it has the same right as regards the new moon at the time of the new moon. Finally, as regards horoscope, it holds exaltation, triplicity and configuration (quadrature). I also think that these rights are effective to invest Saturn with the aphetic virtue, since the planet culminates precisely at the time of birth and it also configures another luminary. If this were not enough, even the places appointed to life by night birth, the places of the Moon, Full Moon and the lot of Fortune, gives rights and testimonies of Saturn. Saturn dominates the domicile of the Moon, the degree of the previous full moon and is configured in trine aspect to the lot of Fortune.


Diurnal significatorsDegreeDomicileExaltationTriplicitiesSpace bound
Sun22 ° 43 ‘LeoSunSunMercury
New moon9 ° 50 ‘LeoSunSunVenus
Horoscope21 ° 23 ‘LibraVenusSaturnSaturnVenus


Biographical notes

Napoleon was born in Ajaccio, when Corsica had just become a French dominion, in a middle-class family. Already at the age of nine (in 1778) he left the city to study at some military institutes in France, first at Autun, then Brienne, to be an officer of the king of France. It is already unknown whether in the Navy or artillery. In 1784 he was transferred to the military school of Paris, in the artillery corps. The following year, in 1785, he finished the military school, with the rank of second lieutenant. In the same period, his father came to France to see a specialist, for one scirrhus of the pylorus, and died during the trip. By that time, although he was not the first-born and having other brothers, he felt upon himself the responsibility of the family, especially his mother and sisters. Studies done in France, the friendships and the air he breathed in that period, were the preparatory agitations to certain choices he made in the coming years. At sixteen, he spent a year at the garrison of Valencia, where he improved his military experience and, on his own, he read literary works that influenced him so much to push him to rewrite his History of Corsica.  Although he was a French soldier, his longing, at that time, was to liberate Corsica from the dictatorship of Pasquale Paoli and to reform it from the legislative point of view. “From that moment his nature of politician and man of letters came out. Not only Napoleon was a captain and an administrator, but also he was a publicist. When he gained quite another glory, he continued to write anonymous articles in the Moniteur. At St. Helena, between two texts about his memoirs, he wrote pamphlets. “(from the text: Napoleon Octave Aubry, Italian Institute of Graphic Arts). From 1786 to 1793, then from the period of the school to the siege of Toulon, his fortune began. In this phase, during his stays at Auxonne, in Valencia, in Paris,   he saw the storm of the Revolution swelling and then bursting. He was greatly influenced, so that, back in Corsica, he sided openly with the Revolution and was appointed lieutenant-colonel in the National Guard. This circumstance put him in direct conflict with the dictator of Corsica, Paoli (even though Napoleon always admired and respected him ideally). Napoleon tried to take possession of the city of Ajaccio, but he didn’t succeed and he risked the arrest. At the same time, the house of his family was burnt down. This circumstance and the precarious financial condition in which the father, with his untimely death, left the family, forced Napoleon, on 11/6/1793, to move to Toulon, with the immediate problem to find employment for himself and his brothers. From that moment, a series of circumstances facilitated the rapid succession of the most important events of his life. The inefficiency and lack of officers in the revolutionary army led to the involvement of Napoleon as an artillery officer, giving him the opportunity to show his qualities in the siege of Toulon. Later on a series of events and new acquaintances led to his appointment as General of the army corps of Italy, on 02/03/1796.   Meanwhile, he met and, in a short time, married Josephine de Beauharnais, in Paris on 03/10/1796. After only two days he left for the first Italian campaign, whose success increased enormously his popularity. Later on there were the events of the Egyptian campaign, the campaign of Syria, and the return to France. The following preparatory period fixed the political contacts that, through a coup, led to the appointment of Napoleon as first Consul, on 11/11/1799. Afterwards there were several military campaigns that represent the most well-known historical events. Without dwelling on the details of the many historically important events, we refer to some key dates in the life of Napoleon:


1778transfer for military studies in France and departure from the family
1784continuation of his studies at the military school in Paris
1785completion of his military studies and, in the same year, his father’s death
179311th of june: forced expatriation with his family in a state of poverty
17962nd of march: appointment as general of the army corps

10th of march: first marriage with Josephine Beauharnais 

12th of march: departure for the first Italian campaign

179911th of november: appointment as First Consul
18042nd of december: Oath of Napoleon Emperor of France and King of Italy
18052nd of december: victory in the Battle of Austerlitz
180915th of december: divorce from Josephine Beauharnais
18102nd of april: second marriage to Marie Louise of Austria
181120th of march: birth of his son
18142nd of april: deposition 

12th of april: attempted suicide

20th of april: exile to the island of Elba

18151st of march: one hundred days campaign

18th of june: the defeat of Waterloo

17th of october: exile to the island of St. Helena

18215th of may: death of Napoleon at the island of St. Helena
184015th of december: return of the remains of Napoleon in Paris


Primary directions, spaces of profection, solar revolutions

With regard to the primary directions, those aspects that have a gap of not more than one degree of zodiacal longitude or a hourly distance (DH) of 0.07 [7] must be considered completed.


1778 transfer for military studies in France and departure from the family

Directions: Mercury direct (DH 0.16) arrives in opposition of the Moon of Nativity (DH 0.14); Furthermore, the Moon direct (5°45′ Aquarius) arrives in zodiacal opposition of Mercury of Nativity (6°05′ Leo).

In its general meanings, the Moon always refers to changes, displacements, travels, changes of domicile. In the natal chart of Napoleon, then, the Moon is in a tropical zodiac sign and in a cardinal direction. Namely the Fourth place: the home and family of origin. The seventh house is dominated by Mars. Both of these conditions will lead him to spend much of his life away from the place of birth. Mercury also in its general meanings, always refer to the studies and the period of adolescence.


1784 continuation of his studies at the military school in Paris

Directions: Luna direct (DH 0.64) is equidistant from Mercury of  Nativity (DH 0.63); Mercury Direct (DH 0.14) is equidistant from the Moon of Nativity (DH 0.14). Also in this year some reciprocal aspects between the two significators of travel and studies, Moon and Mercury, become perfect. Also the other following aspects become perfect: Mars Direct (DH 2.02) sextile horoscope of nativity; Saturn direct (DH 0.72) sextile Daimon of Nativity (DH 4.74); Jupiter Direct (DH 5.07) trine Venus of Nativity (DH 1.09); Jupiter Direct (26 ° 07 ‘Scorpio) trine Saturn of Nativity (25 ° 53’ Cancer).


1785 – completion of his military studies and, in the same year, his father’s death

Directions: Saturn direct reaches 10°10 ‘ Leo, the degree of the New Moon (located at 9°49’ Leo). For the motion of both, the Sun Direct (DH 0.76, in the tenth house) reaches equidistant from Saturn direct (DH 0.77, in the ninth house) and from the Moon direct (DH 0.70, in the third house) .

The most indicative aspect of the event of the father is Saturn that reaches the zodiacal degree of the new moon. If in a diurnal birth the first significator of the father is the Sun, always, the new moon before the birth has reference to the father figure of the new born.

1785 Revolution: what in the primary motion is the familiarity between Saturn and the degree of the new moon (paternal significator), reappears in the figure of revolution. Saturn of revolution (1° Aquarius) and the lunar node (11° Aquarius) are opposed to the degree (9°49′ Leo) of the New Moon preceding the birth. Moreover, Mars of revolution (22°25′ Taurus) is placed in precise quadrature to the Sun (22°43′ Leo); in addition, Mars of revolution (DH 1.02) is in trine to Saturn of revolution (DH 2.97). As regards the domains of the year, Saturn is lord of the Year, along with Jupiter, and it is in the space of the Year. Finally, Saturn of revolution is very near to the degree of the Moon of Nativity.


1793 – forced expatriation with his family in a state of poverty

Directions: on 11/6/1793, the Moon direct (DH 1.09) is in ninth house and is opposed precisely to Venus of Nativity (DH 1.09); Mars Direct (2°00′ Libra) is opposed to the zodiacal degree of the lot of Fortune of  Nativity (2°23′ Aries); the lot of Genius direct (DH 5.99) has come to the descendant and is in quadrature to Saturn of Nativity (DH 0.03); Saturn direct (DH 1.15) has come to the hexagon of Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87).

In the Natal chart, Venus is in tropical zodiac sign and placed in ninth place, so that it is significator of travels, displacement abroad, displacements by watercourses (Cancer). When the Moon, is on the wane, in the third place, is opposed to Venus, and there is the competition of familiarity that concerns both the cusp of the seventh place (expatriations) and the lot of the luminaries (in particular the lot of Fortune) and the lot of both evil planets, there can be a definitive displacement.


1796 (March) appointment as general of the army corps – first marriage – departure for the first Italian campaign

Directions: Sun direct (16°07 ‘ Virgo) sextile Jupiter of Nativity (15°01′ Scorpio); Venus direct (DH 2.42) sextile Sun of Nativity (DH 1.62); Venus direct (29° Cancer) opposite Luna of Nativity (28°16′ Capricorn), Sun direct (DH 0.20) opposite Moon of Nativity (DH 0.14).

1795 Revolution: Jupiter is the lord of the year and it rises in the first House of revolution combined with the lot of Fortune and opposed to Venus and Mercury; Jupiter of revolution is on the degree of the Moon of Nativity. The Sun and Jupiter, for dignity and assignments, the Moon, Venus, Jupiter and the lot of Fortune, for the emotional life and marriage, are some of the familiarities that become perfect in direction and that we find again in the domains, in the figures of revolution and the “entrances” to the theme of the Nativity.


1799 (November) – appointment as First Consul

Directions: on 11/11/1799, the Sun direct (DH 0.01) has come to the Midheaven and Saturn of Nativity (DH 0.03); Jupiter direct (DH 5.86) is in perfect quadrature to the Moon of Nativity (DH 0.14); Saturn direct (23°06′ Leo) has joined the Sun of Nativity (22°43′ Leo).

 boundariesdeclinationshourly distance


The two main aspects of direction speak for themselves. For the elevation, the dignity and esteem, the indicators are the Sun, the upper culmination and Jupiter. But also Saturn that, in the birth chart, has a very strong figure to the Sun and the Midheaven, concerns the nomination of head of state.

For completeness we add that: the lot of Genius direct (DH 5.54) is in trine to the Sun of Nativity (DH 1.62); Venus direct (2°49′ Leo) is in trine to the lot of Fortune of Nativity (2°23’Aries); Mars direct (7°16′ Libra) is in quadrature with Venus of Nativity (6°59′ Cancer).

1799 Revolution: full moon revolution in which the Moon applies to the trine of Jupiter, Jupiter is sextile to the Sun and Mars; Saturn is again in heliacal rise, in angular house. Venus is lord of the year, acts as a phase of the Sun and testifies the Moon. The full moon involves the space of profection of the Sun (Moon united and Sun opposite to the space).


Mars+1.09+11.483.23-5.88 (i.)
Venus-1.95-05.091.57-16.44 (v.)
Mercury-2.09-02.032.56-9.93 (i.)



1804 (December) Oath of Napoleon Emperor of France and King of Italy

Directions: the Sun Direct (DH 0.25, in the ninth house) arrives in trine to Jupiter of Nativity (DH 4.28, in the first House); the Moon direct (DH 1.67) comes equidistant to the Sun of Nativity (DH 1.62); Saturn direct (DH 1.72) is equidistant to the Sun of Nativity.

The familiarities between the Sun and Jupiter, if there are the prerequisites in the nativity, indicate the royal appointment. There is always also the concurrence of the other luminary and of Saturn, ruler of the culmination.

The other aspects in the year are: Venus direct (DH 2.85) that comes equidistant to Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87); Mercury direct (DH 1.16) that comes to the hexagon of Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87).

1804 Revolution: the seventh house rises and Jupiter is in the seventh House; the Moon separates from the trine of Venus and the lot of Genius and it applies to the trine of the Sun, in opposition to Mars and to the sextile of Jupiter, Venus is the lord of the year, acts as a phase of the Sun and is configured for trine to the Moon .Venus, the lot of Genius and the Sun are in space of profection of the Sun.


1805 (December) – victory in the Battle of Austerlitz

Directions: Jupiter direct (12°12′ Sagittarius) arrives in quadrature with Mars of Nativity (12°02′ Virgo); the Sun direct (DH 0.31) specifies the trine with Jupiter of Nativity (DH 4.28); Venus direct (DH 2.90) comes equidistant to Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87); for the motion of both, Mars direct (12°14′ Libra) forms an hexagon with Jupiter direct (12°12′ Sagittarius).


 boundariesdeclinationshourly distance


1805 Revolution: a degree of the Tenth House of Nativity rises; the Moon culminates in the tenth place of the revolution; the Sun is in trine to the Moon, Jupiter forms a square to the Sun in which the Sun is in pre-eminent position; Saturn and Mars, combined, are at the imum coeli. In its race, the Moon separates from the opposition of Mars and Saturn, from the trine of the Sun and applies to the declination of Jupiter. The Moon enters on the degree of lot of Victory of Nativity; Venus and Mercury enter on the degree of Mars of Nativity.

As regards the spaces of profection we observe that the Sun is in space of profection of the Year; the Moon is in the space of the Moon and the Midheaven; Venus and Mercury are in the space of the Sun. Mars and Saturn of revolution are on the degree reached by Mars in the direction.

Saturn+2.3402.880.2020.68 (v.)
Mars+0.2303.880.0018.60 (h.s.)
Venus+1.35+07.321.6710.72 (v.)
Mercury0.71+03.981.4310.40 (h.r.)


The aspects of the luminaries among them, placed between the second and tenth house, and with the lords of the Year, Venus and Mars, are indicative of the success of the year. The conquests of territories in consequence of battles (especially the masterful victory of Austerlitz), the construction of public works, can be associated to the aspect of direction between Jupiter and Mars. Issues of jealousy, personal conflicts (aspect in the direction and domains in the year of Venus and Mars), justify, despite the efforts of immediately preceding armistices, the beginning of a new military campaign. The figures of Mars and Saturn in the revolution, in the fourth place (the native country), concern the serious French financial difficulties, after the defeat of the sea against the English army. The territorial conquests of Napoleon, after Austerlitz, the war damages paid by Austria and a strong money collection from Spain, put a remedy so that the currency regains its value.   In fact, this is the period of the great public works that are directly supervised by Napoleon (works and erection of monuments in Paris, road construction, reconstruction of some French ports). Protected by stringent customs, industry becomes prosperous, and agriculture becomes thriving. The trade, ruined by the English war, is supported by the opening of credits and the creation of Chambers of Commerce.


1809 (December) – divorce from Josephine Beauharnais

1810 (April) – second marriage to Marie Louise of Austria

Directions: as regards divorce, dated 12/02/1809: Venus direct (DH 3.10) square Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87); lot of the Wedding direct (DH 2.92) and combined with Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87); for the wedding of 02/04/1810 we see that the Sundirect (28 ° 32 ‘Virgo) arrives at the Moon trine of Nativity (28°16′ Capricorn).

The harmonic aspects between the luminaries are among the figures indicating marriage. The other aspects are the following: Saturn direct (DH 1.98) reaches the trine of the ascendant; Jupiter direct (DH 5.45) reaches Basis (DH 5.52); as regards the divorceof 12/02/1809 there are several aspects: Mars direct (DH 0.61) joined to Mercury of Nativity (DH 0.63); Mercury direct (12°36′ Virgo) joined to Mars of Nativity (12°02′ Virgin); the lot of Illness direct (DH 4.39) equidistant to the lot of Fortune of Nativity (DH 4.37).

1809 Revolution: the revolution also contains signs of the divorce and of the important and regal marriage, by proposing similar figures. Jupiter is lord of the year and is configured to the space of the year. Jupiter is joined to the lot of Fortune and the lunar node and is opposed to the Moon; the Sun is in Hexagon to the Moon; Jupiter is trine to the Sun and in hexagon to Venus ; the Moon is in square aspect to the ascendant and the Sun is in hexagon to the ascendant; the Moon is in trine to Venus, Venus is in trine to Mars; Venus of revolution comes back on the degree of Venus of Nativity [8] . As for the separation we observe that Mars is in square to the lot of the Wedding; Mercury is opposed to the lot of the Wedding; Saturn is in square to the Sun, Mars is equidistant from the Sun; Mercury is in square to Mars, Saturn has joined the lot of Necessity.


1811 (March) – birth of his son

Directions: Sun direct (DH 0.59) is equidistant from Mercury of Nativity (DH 0.63); Mercury direct (DH 1.47) is in square to the lot of Fortune of  Nativity (DH 4.37); Venus direct (DH 3.17) is in square to Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87); the lot of the Children direct is in (DH 3.66) hexagon to the lot of Fortune of Nativity (DH 4.37); Luna direct (DH 1.99) is sextile to horoscope; Saturn direct is in trine to (DH 2.02) horoscope.

The places of the significators of the children are the tenth and the eleventh house of the Nativity. The planets, which are present in these places, are significators of the children, especially in female geniture. In all the nativities the Moon, Venus, Jupiter and Mercury may indicate whether the children are present or witness the appointed places. In this year, the most representative figure seems to be that of equidistance between the Sun and Mercury direct of Nativity, both are located in the tenth place of geniture. The indications drawn from the solar revolution are very clear.

1810 Revolution: the eleventh House of Nativity rises; Jupiter and Mars are the lords of the year and are configured to the year; Venus in the first house, joined the lunar node, is opposed to the lot of the Children; Jupiter is in Hexagon to the lot of the Children; Jupiter is in square to Mercury; Jupiter is in trine to Venus; Mercury is in trine to the lot of Fortune; Jupiter is in square to the Sun and the Moon; Jupiter is in trine to the Moon; the Sun is in trine to the lot of Fortune; Jupiter is in hexagon to Mars.

The Moon, the lot of Genius and the lot of the Children are in the space of the year; Venus is opposed to the space of the year; Jupiter is in trine to the space of profection of the Sun; as regards the theme of Nativity there are indicative exchanges of the event: the lot of the Children in revolution joins the lot of Fortune of Nativity; Jupiter of revolution is in trine to the Moon of Nativity; the Moon of revolution is in trine to Jupiter of Nativity; the Moon of revolution is in trine to Venus of Nativity.


1814 (April) – deposition, attempted suicide and exile to the island of Elba

Directions: Sun direct (2°06′ Libra) is opposed to the lot of Fortune of Nativity (2°23′ Aries); Mars direct (DH 0.37) in trine to the lot of Fortune of Nativity (DH 4.37); Mercury direct (DH 1.62) is equidistant from the Sun of Nativity (DH 1.62); Saturn direct (6°37′ Virgo) is sextile to Venus of Nativity (6°59′ Cancer); Sun direct (DH 0.74) is in hexagon to the lot of Genius of Nativity (DH 4.74).

It is a year in which the events are many and contradictory. There are the military campaigns ending with the defeat of Leipzig, the deposition, some moments of serious depression, and after only few months, on 1/3/1815 the return from exile and the beginning of the Hundred Days campaign. Perhaps also for this reason, the familiarities of direction are less clear, except for the aspects concerning the lot of Fortune (goods, wealth, activities), witnessed by Mars, Venus (goods, travelling abroad) and Saturn (exile). The solar revolution appears clearer.

1813 Revolution: the ninth House radix rises; Saturn is descendant; Saturn is in square to the Moon; Mars is in square to the Moon; Venus and Mercury are in hexagon to Saturn.

Saturn and Venus are the lords of the year; both evil planets testify the spaces of profection of the Year, the Moon, the Sun and the Midheaven: however, in this revolution the Moon applies to the trine of the Sun joining Jupiter, indicating the return from exile and the new prestige.

Left to his own devices. He will never see again his wife and son who were sent away at Rambouillet, under the control of the Allies. In the night between the 12 and the 13, he takes a bag of opium, which he obtained during the retreat from Russia, then he dissolves it in a glass of water and drinks it, but the poison has no more strength, he vomits it and he survives. “However, the next day, his extraordinary vitality prevails. This is a feature of his nature: a man of action who returns to life every morning despite the worst disasters, he starts again to build his dreams”. (From Octave Aubry, Napoleon, Italian Inst. of Graphic Arts).



1815 (March-June) – one hundred days, the defeat of Waterloo

1814 Revolution: the eleventh House Nativity rises. Saturn and Mercury are the lords of the space of profection . Within the space of the Year both luminaries are afflicted by Mars, in the twelfth place of the revolution. Mercury is still under the rays of the Sun. Saturn of revolution enters the degrees of the Moon of Nativity. Jupiter of revolution is on the degrees of Mars of Nativity. Venus of revolution enters the degrees of Saturn of Nativity.

The affliction of the luminaries within the space of the Year, the domains of Saturn and Mercury, lords of the Year and of the degree rising in revolution, presage an unlucky year, in which all initiatives gradually lose their advantage and reduce the authority and the power. The following aspects, such as the fact that Jupiter has just risen in revolution, already in the twelfth place, and Venus is in the tenth one, without the beneficial planets dominating this year, indicate hopes, even moments of luck, but, essentially, a good fortune that turns its back , as it is also evident from the ups and downs during the Battle of Waterloo.


1821 (May) – Death of Napoleon at the island of St. Helena

Directions: on 05/05/1821: Mars direct (DH 0.03) comes equidistant from Saturn of Nativity (DH 0.03) – gap 0.00 -; Mars direct (24°54′ Libra) arrives in the square to Saturn of Nativity (25°53′ Cancer). Being Saturn the apheta, the anaretic direction is given by Mars, the anereta, which comes equidistant from Saturn, the apheta. And also Mars who comes to the zodiacal square of Saturn. On the other hand, in this period, there are no figures of the beneficial planets to Saturn which are sufficient to contrast with the hardness and dangerousness of the anaretic encounter.

There are other interesting figures: the Sun direct (DH 1.12) comes to the hexagon of Mars of Nativity (DH 2.87) – with a gap of 0.01 -; for the motion of both, Saturn direct (DH 2.53) has almost perfected the opposition, which already exists in the radix, with the Moon direct (DH 2.51) – the gap has become 0.02 -.In addition, the lot of Nemesis (the lot of Saturn) is next to the square of Mars; Sun direct (DH 1.12) arrives at the union with Venus of Nativity (DH 1.09); Venus direct (23°13′ Leo) is still joint to the Sun of Nativity (22°43′ Leo). As regards the presence of the figure of the Sun to Venus, which looks fruitful and advantageous, I report some clarifying considerations by Joseph Bezza:

“The direction of the Sun to Venus do not always promises honours. Strictly speaking, the honors are brought by the planet Venus moving towards the Sun and not the contrary, because the Sun is the subject, the honour itself, so who receives a good or bad thing. But if the Sun goes to Venus, Venus is the subject. Since in nativity Venus is close to the declination of Saturn, this presages that the organs that it rules are threatened because of the cold. We also know that the humid planets (Moon and Venus) suffer most from the combustion of the Sun and its proximity. Therefore, if the testimony of Saturn to Venus in nativity indicates the future threat because of the cold, the approach of the Sun to Venus in direction can mean the depletion of the humid element of the appointed organ (liver). “

Moreover Venus reaching the Sun, being the Sun the luminary of that time and Venus the lord of the eighth place, seems to indicate the quality of passing away. In fact, the autopsy report indicates as a cause of death a form of hepatitis from which he suffered for years. It is in doubt the presence of cancerous ulcer which, among other things, killed both the father and two sisters.

The other main aspects are: the Moon direct (15°19′ Pisces) comes in trine to Jupiter of Nativity (15°01′ Scorpio); Jupiter direct (DH 4.65) comes to the hexagon of Mercury of Nativity (DH 0.63); Mercury direct (DH 1.98) reaches the trine of the horoscope; the lot of Genius direct (DH 4.03) arrives at trine to Saturn of Nativity (DH 0.03). Finally, the stars of the forehead of the Scorpion rise, the Pleiades go down.


 boundariesdeclinationshourly distance


1820 Revolution: In direction there is the anaretic figure between Mars and Saturn, in revolution there is an opposition aspect between the two planets. Saturn is lord of the Year and is square aspect to the space of the Year; Mars is in square to the space of the Year; Mars opposes Saturn and the lot of Nemesis. The fourth house of the Nativity rises in revolution; Mars is in the eighth house; the Sun is in the seventh house with Mercury; Saturn is trine to the Sun; Saturn is in trine to Venus. The Moon enters the space of profection of the apheta. Venus   that, in the direction, is joined to the Sun for the body, in the revolution joins again the Sun, for declination, being in sixth place, combined with the lot of Necessity and the lot of Illness, evidenced by Saturn and the lot of Nemesis. It is a further confirmation of what we said about the serious deterioration of the liver, an organ which the tradition attributes to Venus, which can indicate the end of life in this case. As regards the theme of Nativity: Saturn and Mars of revolution form aspects  with the New Moon; the Moon of revolution is in square to the New Moon; Venus of revolution joins Saturn of Nativity (and opposes the Moon of Nativity); Mars of revolution is opposed to the lot of Fortune of Nativity; Jupiter of revolution comes close to the degree of the lunar node of Nativity, to confirm some physical deterioration.


Mars+0.4101.683.2317.10 (h.s.)
Venus7.44+12.971.5715.61 (v.)
Mercury4.75+06.932.560.19 (n.v.)


During everyone’s life, in the movement of the primary motions, many potential anaretic encounters take place. The complexity of the investigation also concerns the choice of which, among the anaretic encounters, will really have a lethal nature. The judgment becomes complete if by observing the primary directions (and by examining the divisors) we understand the way the rulers of profections appear, within the solar return charts, in different years. For Napoleon, a potentially dangerous previous moment covered the first months of 1820, particularly between March and April of 1820. Mars direct (DH 0.03), in the tenth house, comes to the place of Saturn of Nativity (DH 0.03). In addition, Saturn direct (12°19′ Virgo) reaches the zodiacal degree of Mars of Nativity (12°02′ Virgo).One must ask the question of why the death does not occur at this time but in the moment after the equidistance of Mars to Saturn. By examing the spaces of profection and the solar revolution on 15/08/1819, including the period of March/April 1820, where, as we said before, the astronomical conjunction of Mars to Saturn is realized, we notice what are the peculiarities that justify the protection the good of life. The space of profection of the year runs from 4° Sagittarius to 27° Sagittarius. Lord of the Year is Jupiter. Jupiter is testified by Venus, the other beneficial planet. Both Jupiter and Venustestify the space of the Year. Saturn is in the space of the profection of the Moon (from 24° Pisces to 23° Aries) but in the sign of a beneficial planet. The lot of the Genius of Revolution joins Jupiter. Jupiter and Venus testifies the lot of Fortune. In the figure, although there is a figure between Mars and Saturn, Mars, the anareta, is in a non-operational place, the Eighth place, in Gemini, so it is rather weak. The figure of the year the Moon applies to the hexagon of Mercury and to the trine of Saturn, which are opposed between them (possible process of chronic disease). As regards the figure of the Nativity: Venus of revolution enters the degrees of the New Moon (vital significator in diurnal birth); Jupiter of revolution testifies the New Moon. The Moon (physical datum) of revolution enters the degrees of Venus of Nativity. A rather secondary event is a degree very close to Jupiter of Nativity rising in revolution. The consideration of the whole figure is that both beneficial planets protect “the good of life”. Therefore, the position of Mars to Saturn, in the direction, indicates a worsening of the state of health, confirmed by the examination of the state ofSaturn in revolution, which is still not enough to put an end to life since the beneficial planets, for domains and evidence, counteract effectively the potential anaretic encounter.



For the date of death, also referring to other hypothesis of birth time, between 9 and 12 pm local time, the figures that the evil planets realize to the Sun, the possible apheta, are exclusively of an hexagon. There is only the exception of the time of birth of 11.09 local time – (10:34 U.T.). Only in this case, for the date of 05.05.1821, Mars and the Sun are equidistant (though with a difference of orbit of 0.09), in addition to a hexagon of the Sun to Mars. In the light of what explained before Saturn holds the vital attributes and, for the death period, two clear anaretic directions take place. The main direction is given by the anareta which arrives equidistant from the apheta. At the same time, the anereta is perfecting the zodiacal square of the apheta. We observe, finally, that also the other significant figures of the year are to Saturn and not to the Sun. Therefore it is, in the light of all that has been said, an unequivocal figure indicating the end of life.


Hypothesis of work for a birth at 11.09 local time

Now, we want to propose some considerations to make a comparison among the implications derived from the figure of birth, at 10:13 local time, here examined, and those derived from a figure most commonly considered, that is a figure of birth after 11 local time. From this point of view, we will refer to the closest gate of birth compared to the birth datum reported by André Barbault. Let’s consider, then, the hour 11:09 local time, in which there is an opening of Venus with the rising degree. In the birth chart at 11:09,  2°15 ‘ rise of the sign of Scorpio. Therefore, one of the places appointed to life for the diurnal birth changes. The related domains are Mars and Venus. Therefore, what explained before on exclusive rights of Saturn on vital places, in day and night, have changed. In fact, Saturn has no more rights to the rising degree and do not testify the lot of Fortune. Certainly, as it has been placed in the tenth place, the apheta is the Sun. In the hypothesis in question, it should also be reviewed the status of the planets testifying the Sun. Saturn repeats the heliacal rise, but it is in ninth place, so the rising figure is less strong, as well as the opposition to the Moon is no more angular to the meridian but now it is among falling houses. Mercury is visible, for the diurnal motion, and it is more closely united to the culmination.Venus is visible, on the cusp of the Ninth place, for the daily motion still in the eighth place. Mars is Western and always invisible. As for the actions, activities, events, and for the manifestation of the features of the soul, a fuller right we saw in our hypothesis of 10:13, in Venus and Saturn, for 11:09, confirms a domain of Venus with an increasing concurrence of Mars.Without neglecting Mercury. Mars is in its invisibility, therefore the effects and the events characterized by this ruler are made more imperfect, obscure, uncertain. The life of Napoleon, in general, is characterized by situations that carry out quickly, with rapid, known and explicit outcomes, both for better or for worse. The rapid rise, the way of assumption of important assignments, the instant resolution of some the military campaigns, the rapid decline. However, they have been direct, clear and explicit events. These characteristics are difficult to justify with one of significators of these events, put under the rays of the sun.

I also found interesting to run through some of the main events of his life, trying to find again in the primary motions, a confirmation that, for the birth at 10:13 local time, appeared very clear of the events that are represented. Many of the main aspects, for the birth at 11:09, do not carry out and remain uncertainties and doubts.

On 11/6/1793: there is again the opposition between the Moon direct and Venus of Nativity; Venus direct has already exceeded the zodiacal union to Saturn of Nativity; the hexagon between Saturn direct and Mars of Nativity has a much wider orbit difference; the aspects analyzed between Mars direct and the lot of Fortune of Nativity and those between the lot of Genius direct and Saturn of Nativity do not perfect.

On 2 and 10/3/1796: there is no longer the zodiacal hexagon between the Sun direct and Jupiter of Nativity.

On 11/11/1799: the main aspect given by the Sun which reaches the upper culmination (the appointment of head of state) and the union to Saturn (lord of the culmination) is not realized. The Sun direct, in the ninth house,   has DH 0.81; Saturn direct (24°06′ Libra) has already crossed the union to the zodiacal degree of the Sun of Nativity. On the other hand, there aren’t other relevant figures that justify the importance of the appointment as First Consul.

On 2/12/1804: the aspects between the Sun direct and Jupiter of Nativity, between the Moon and the Sun and between Saturn and the Sun, do not perfect. The relevant aspect is Mars reaching the culmination (DH 0.02). One of the general meanings of Mars is the public office, but the condition of Mars in this nativity – invisible, Occidental, in Virgo – could not justify the importance and the magnificence of the event.

On 20/03/1811: the main aspect of equidistance between the Sun and Mercury is not realized; the square between Mercury and the lot of Fortune; the hexagon between the lot of the Children and the lot of  Fortune; the Moon does not reach the hexagon and Saturn does not reach the trine of the horoscope.

On 05/05/1821: for the end of life, we observed the figures of evil planets to the Sun, the apheta. For this date, the Sun direct (DH 1.95) arrives to the hexagon of Mars of Nativity (DH 2.01); Mars direct (DH 0.91) exceeds the equidistance to the Sun of Nativity (DH 0.80 ). These are the only figures between the anareta and the Sun, which would not have sufficient strength in themselves to imply the day of death.

There are other studies and considerations that remain open, however, the way of choosing the vital significator is certainly significant, outstanding, and it has its own rationale within the principles of the doctrine. There is no doubt that the life of Napoleon constitute a sum of unusual peculiarities and circumstances.




Albumasar (Abu Ja’far ibn Muhammad al Ma’shar Balkhi), Albumasaris de revolutionibus nativitatum edidit D. Pingree, Lipsiae 1968.

Antiochus di Atene, Excepta, CCAG 8/3 104-119.

Claudio Tolemeo, Tetrabiblos, edited by FE Robbins, Loeb 1940 repr. 1980; Italian edition edited by S. Feraboli, Le previsioni astrologiche, Milan 1985

Placido Titi, Tabulae primi mobilis cum thesibus ad theoricen et canonibus ad praxin additis in rerum demonstrationem et supputationem exemplum triginta clarissimorum natalium thematibus, authore D. Placido de Titis Perusino olivetano, P. Frambotti, Patavii 1657.

Placido Titi, De diebus decretoriis at aegrorum decubitu ad iuvandaml praeclaram Artisi Medicae Professionem iuxta Summorum Pontificum et Sacri Concilii Tridentini induktum, Epitome Astrosophica, Physicis maxime rationibus, deinde Galeni, Aristotelis et Ptolemaei praeceptis contexta D. Placido de Titis Perusino Olivetano in Almo Tycinensi Gymnasio Mathematicarum Professor publice exhibita.Cum LX Exemplis apud gravissimos Authores inventis. Tomus primus, ex officina Ioannis Andreae Magrij in via Nova, Ticini Regii 1660. Tomus secundus (Cum L Natalium Exemplis partim apud gravissimos Authores inventis, partim ab eruditorum manu traditis) ex officina Ioannis Ghidini, Ticini Regii 1665.

Placido Titi, Phsiomathematica sive Coelestis Philosophia naturalibus hucusque desideratis ostensa principiis.Auctore D. Placido de Titis Perusino Olivetanae Congregationis Monacho. Cum nuperrimisi ad Placidianam doctrinam additamentis, excerptis ex III libro Astronomicarum rerum praemittendarum ad futuram Astrologiam Italicum, a Cursino Francobacci et Africano Scirota Romano, in hac secunda edition ad operis calcem oppositis. Ex Typographia Fr. Vigoni, Mediolani 1675. Gerolamo Cardano, Opera Omnia tomus V (Astronomica, Astrologica, Onirocritica) Lugduni 1663. (Johnson Reprint Co., New York and London, 1967).

Rhetorius, De planetarum natura ac vi, 7 CCAG 213ss.

Gerolamo Vitali, Lexicon Mathematicum, astronomicum geometricum, hoc est Rerum omnium ad utramque immo et ad omnem fere Mathesim quomodocumque spectantium, Collectio et explicatio.Adjecta brevi novorum Theorematum expensione, verborumque exoticorum dilucidatione ut non injuria Disciplinarum omnium Mathematicarum summa, et Promptuarium dici possit. Auctore Hieronymo Vitali Capuano Clerico Regulari vulgo Theatino. Parisiis, ex officina L. Billaine 1668.

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[1] The news are taken from Lois M. Rodden, André Barbault and Paul Choisnard. Lois M. Rodden spreads the following information in the book: The American book of charts – ed. astro computing services – San Diego in 1980, reporting more references:

Roscoe Hope in the journal American astrology magazine in April 1980 mentions some family sources which indicate a local time of birth at 11:30 a.m. The astrologer Fagan, in the journal American astrology magazine in September 1959, reports that Mr John Worsdale learned about a local time of birth of  9:45 a.m. by a Corsican astrologer to which Napoleon spoke. This astrologer proceeded to an hour adjustment by moving the birth at 9:52 (it is not specified whether it refers to the local time).

In the magazine Wynn’s astrol, of June 1944, without mentioning the author, the hour of birth is indicated at 11:28 a.m., and it is not specified whether it refers to the local time. Davison, in the magazine Astrological Quarterly, in the winter issue of 1957, indicates 13:13 as the hour of birth. We do not know if it refers to the local time.

André Barbault, in his Practical Treatise on Astrology, Astrolabio edition- Rome 1979 (translation of the “Traité pratique d’astrologie” éditions du Seuil – Paris 1961) reports what is contained in the memoir of the Councillor T. Nasica, magistrate in Ajaccio from 1821 to 1829, where he talks about one hour of birth at about 11 local time. Finally, Grazia Bordoni indicates, in the text “Interesting Dates of Birth – 1 Volume” – private edition – Milan 1986, the birth time at 9:50 a.m. local time, reporting the data that Paul Choisnard published on Language Astral.

[2] As a result of refraction the star appears on the horizon about 3 minutes earlier, at 9:35 TU. In astronomy the refraction is the deviation of the rays of a star when they encounter the Earth’s atmosphere.

[3] The oriental configurations mean the heliacal rises. For example, if Saturn was the ruler of the soul and in heliacal rise, it would have an oriental figure, according to the enunciation of Ptolemy.

[4] When he says, “in his own position” means the almugea. Almugea or Idioprosopia is the figure of a star compared to the Sun or the Moon when it is in a sign that, in the same direction, is far from the sign in which the luminary is as much as its own diurnal house is far from Leo in the case of the Sun, or its own nocturnal house is far from Cancer in the case of the Moon. For example, Mercury in Aries is idioprosopo to the Sun in Pisces and to the Moon in Taurus; Venus in Aries is idioprosopo to the Sun in Aquarius and to the Moon in Gemini; Mars in Aries is idioprosopo to the Sun in Capricorn and to the Moon in Cancer, etc.

[5] The sum of indications of Ptolemy describes the figures occurring in the epicycle which are placed in comparison to the figures occurring in the diurnal motion, in the Houses. Thus there is an analogy between the heliacal rise and the horoscope rise; between the first station and the culmination; between the retrograde aspect and the sunset; between the evening station and the anti-culmination, that is when the star is at lower midheaven. In short the analogy exists among the four quadrants of the epicycle and the four quadrants of the diurnal motion.

[6] Reading the text of Ibn Ridwan (cc. 67r), we find an additional condition because the testimony (epimartyria) of theoikodespotes (of the apheta) towards the luminary of the time is a necessary condition to assume the “virtus aphetica” and it is therefore necessarily required, as it is the case of the alcocoden. In our case, Saturn, in heliacal rise, forms a testimony to the Sun and also satisfies this additional condition.

Then as regards the possibility that a star of a malevolent nature take upon himself such a large domain, it is considered that as well as we do not exclude the malefic stars in the election of the alcocoden, in the same way we cannot exclude them from the choice of the apheta. Also the genitures where a planet takes the right of the aphesis, are certainly rare cases, although the luminary of the time in an aphetic place, since the planet who assumes the right to be lord must possess many conditions. An example is found in the geniture drafted in Byzantium perhaps by Giovanni Abramio or by an astrologer of his school. The birth took place on 17 January 1352 at 21.18 U.T. 18 degrees of Libra ascended, Sun and Moon were in the sixth grade of Aquarius and here it does not matter that the luminaries were below the horizon, but that Saturn, angular in the seventh place, at 21 degrees of Virgo, was entitled on the place of the Moon, the Sun, the previous syzygy (occurred in Capricorn), as well as on the horoscope, and the lot of Fortune. The geniture is reported in the sheets of 290-291 of the Laurentianus 28,14 and it is published by D. Pingree in The Astrological School of John Abramius, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 1971, pp. 206-207.

[7] The persistence, in some cases, of a minimum difference compared to the accuracy of the figure, is due to the fact that the time of birth, the opening of the gate, is not a single instant, but a significant amount of time that can last a few seconds but, sometimes, can reach and exceed one minute. Within this very short lapse of time while it is possible to justify the minimal differences compared to the absolute accuracy of the aspect of primary motion.

[8] The various aspects among the Moon, Venus and Mars, confirm the affective component in the character of Napoleon. After the relationship, with ups and downs for the initial infidelities of Josephine Beauharnais, compelled by reasons of state (the necessity of an heir to the throne), Napoleon is immediately attracted by Marie Louise of Austria and he binds lovingly and with sincere affection to her, being fully returned, after her first deep hesitations and fears.